2Istanbul Medipol University, Department of Psychology, Istanbul - Turkey
3Adiyaman University Training and Research Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Adiyaman - Turkey
4Kackar State Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Rize - Turkey
5Aksaray University Training and Research Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Aksaray - Turkey
6Dr. Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Ankara Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Ankara - Turkey
Objective: Although there is a wide range of theoretical perspectives and clinical practices, there is no assessment tool that reveals these variations among clinicians. In this study, we presented the development process of a new measure for clinicians that assess their psychological flexibility levels, attitudes towards psychotherapy and inclination to the mechanistic approach.
Method: Participants included 167 psychiatrists and psychiatry residents from all over Turkey. They completed 29 items intended to form the basis for the Bakirkoy Clinician’s Attitude Questionnaire (BCSQ). Item-total correlation and Cronbach’s alpha correlation analyses were performed to determine internal consistency. The Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II) and the Mental Illness: Clinicians’ Attitude Scale V.4 (MICA v4) were used to assess the convergent and concurrent validity of BCSQ.
Results: Principal component analyses with varimax rotation were conducted to ensure construct validity and to explore subdimensions. Finally, a three-dimensional version (Clinical inflexibility, Treatment preference, Mechanistic approach) of the scale with 20 items was created. The BCSQ demonstrated good internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.82) and transient stability. Convergent validity analyses showed that BCSQ subscales have significant relationships with higher psychological inflexibility and stigmatization levels.
Conclusion: BCSQ proves to be a valuable tool for assessing changes in the level of psychological flexibility of clinicians in clinical practice, their attitudes towards psychotherapy/psychopharmacology and their view of psychopathology.